Eastern Woodrat (Neotoma floridana)

October 2021
Written By: 
Grand Strand Magazine Staff
Photographs by: 
Kim Brown

This woodland species can be found in a number of habitats, including lowland deciduous forests, marshes, swamps, and coastal areas.

- Eastern woodrats have a great sense of smell and hearing; they also have whiskers (vibrissae) that help them navigate in the dark. 

- After birth, woodrat ears unfold around the 9-day mark and their eyes open after 15 to 21 days.

- The eastern woodrat has a short body and an exceptionally long tail—often falling between 15 to 20 cm long. 

- Eastern woodrats build large dens, known as “middens,” out of sticks, and usually live alone. 

- Their fur is very soft, and is usually a brownish-gray color on the back with white fur on their feet. 

- These mammals are mostly nocturnal, with minimal activity sometimes occurring during late afternoon.